HYGIENE AND PROPHYLAXIS

HYGIENE AND PROPHYLAXIS

A correct daily oral hygiene is the first step to keep your oral canal healthy. A good hygiene is achieved with the correct use of the toothbrush and of the dental floss, where possible. However, a perfect dental care doesn’t exclude a check-up by the hygienist and a professional oral hygiene session at least every 6 months or less in particular circumstances.

Ablation of tartar

It is the removal of supragingival tartar using ultrasonic scalers, which can erode tartar without damaging the enamel surface and teeth.

Polishing or Buffing
It is the polishing of dental surfaces using prophylaxis paste.

Removal of exogenous pigmentations
It is the removal of exogenous pigmentations from the surface of the enamel, in most cases due to tartar, stains of caffeine, nicotine, etc.
In rarest circumstances, the pigmentations may be due to alterations of the tooth during embryogenesis (development phase of the tooth) as: enamel hypoplasia or an imperfect development of the enamel.

Topical application of fluoride

The fluoride exerts its action acting directly on the mineral component of the tooth and on bacteria of the plaque. The use of fluoride gel (fixed on the surface of the enamel using special equipment) is generally recommended for patients with a high risk of caries.

Topical application of antiseptic agents
It consists of applying antiseptic and/or antibiotic substances, indicated for periodontal diseases or after surgery to facilitate healing or to prevent the growth of bacteria.

Professional teeth whitening with laser
In order to lighten the colour shade of your teeth it is possible to use products based on peroxide, which have an oxidant action and can whiten even the most yellowed teeth, or remove those white stains sometimes present especially on the front incisors. A gel is applied on the teeth and then exposed to a laser light that activates a chemical reaction which facilitates the penetration of the peroxide through the enamel prisms.

Endodontic whitening
A non-vital (or devitalized) tooth can sometimes have a change of colour, becoming darker and causing unpleasant aesthetic problems, especially if it is in the group of front teeth. The technique called “walking bleach” consists of inserting bleaching products based on peroxide in the pulp chamber. The aesthetic result is generally obtained in 2-5 sessions.

Sealing
It is a procedure recommended in order to preserve teeth, especially milk-teeth, against the formation of carious processes. A slow-release fluoride liquid resin is applied to the grooves of the premolars and molars: this protects the enamel from future caries. It is a very useful form of active and mechanic prevention against the risk of dental caries.

Root smoothing

It is the removal of sub-gingival tartar at the level of periodontal pockets; it can be performed with local anaesthesia.

Root smoothing with an open flap
Similar to the previous procedure, but performed moving the soft tissue from the underlying bone. This operation is required when the periodontal pockets reach a certain depth that impedes the complete cleaning using the previous methods. It is a surgical procedure and it must be performed by a dentist who is appropriately trained for this treatment.

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