Gnathology is the branch of dentistry that deals with skull mandibular disorders. Gnathology (from the greek gnathòs: jaw) shows and treats all disorders related to the temporomandibular joint: joint sounds by opening and closing the mouth, headache, orofacial pain localized to the ear area, neck pain and mandibular blocks. Following a precise diagnostic phase (also including the digital recording of mandibular movements) this discipline allows the personalized treatment of various problems. The use of different therapeutic protocols, the most common of which involves the use of occlusal splints, aims at restoring the neuromuscular balance of the stomatognatic apparatus.
The bite or occlusal gnathological splint is a medical device constructed in the dental laboratory according to the specific clinical needs of the patient. Like a tailored suit, the transparent resin plate perfectly covers the teeth of an arch and allows the improvement of craniomandibular functions during the night in order to cure the painful symptoms and prevent tooth wear due to clenching and bruxism phenomena.